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Côte d’Ivoire Facts and Figures from Encarta
Basic Facts
Official name Republic of Côte d’Ivoire
Capital Yamoussoukro
NOTE: Although Yamoussoukro has been the country capital since 1983, Abidjan is still the legislative capital. Foreign governments maintain a presence in Abidjan.
Area 322,462 sq km
124,503 sq mi
Cte d'Ivoire
Population 16,962,491 (2003 estimate)
Population growth
Population growth rate 2.15 percent (2003 estimate)
Projected population in 2025 24,584,375 (2025 estimate)
Projected population in 2050 34,065,618 (2050 estimate)
Population density 53 persons per sq km (2003 estimate)
136 persons per sq mi (2003 estimate)
Urban/rural distribution
Share urban 44 percent (2001 estimate)
Share rural 56 percent (2001 estimate)
Largest cities, with population
Abidjan 3,199,000 (1999 estimate)
Bouaké 329,850 (1988)
Daloa 121,842 (1988)
Yamoussoukro 120,000 (1990 estimate)
Korhogo 109,445 (1988)
Ethnic groups
There are some 60 groups, the largest of which are the Akan (Baule, Agni), Kru, Mande (Mandinke, Bambara), Senufo, Dan, Guro, Gagou, and Lobi. There are 2 million Burkinabe, 100,000 to 300,000 Lebanese, and 30,000 French.
French (official); Akan, Dioula, 60 native dialects
Religious affiliations
Indigenous beliefs 37 percent
Muslim 30 percent
Roman Catholic 15 percent
Protestant 9 percent
Other 9 percent
Health and Education
Life expectancy
Total 42.6 years (2003 estimate)
Female 45 years (2003 estimate)
Male 40.3 years (2003 estimate)
Infant mortality rate 98 deaths per 1,000 live births (2003 estimate)
Population per physician 15,241 people (1999)
Population per hospital bed 1,232 people (1990)
Literacy rate
Total 50.9 percent (2003 estimate)
Female 43.6 percent (2003 estimate)
Male 57.9 percent (2003 estimate)
Education expenditure as a share of gross national product (GNP) 6.4 percent (1999-2000)
Number of years of compulsory schooling 10 years (2000)
Number of students per teacher, primary school 43 students per teacher (1998-1999)
Form of government Republic
Voting qualifications Universal at age 21
3 November 1960; amended numerous times, most recently in July 2000
Armed forces
Total number of military personnel 17,050 (2001)
Military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) 0.9 percent (2001)
Gross domestic product (GDP, in U.S.$) $10.4 billion (2001)
GDP per capita (U.S.$) $630 (2001)
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 24.3 percent (2001)
Industry 21.6 percent (2001)
Services 54.1 percent (2001)
Number of workers 6,598,492 (2001)
Workforce share of economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing 60 percent (1990)
Industry 10 percent (1990)
Services 31 percent (1990)
Unemployment rate Not available
National budget (U.S.$)
Total revenue $1,738 million (2000)
Total expenditure $1,898 million (2000)
Monetary unit
1 Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc, consisting of 100 centimes
Major trade partners for exports
France, Netherlands, United States, Mali, and Italy
Major trade partners for imports
Nigeria, France, Italy, Germany, and United States
Energy, Communications, and Transportation
Electricity production
Electricity from thermal sources 61.87 percent (2001 estimate)
Electricity from hydroelectric sources 38.13 percent (2001 estimate)
Electricity from nuclear sources 0 percent (2001 estimate)
Electricity from geothermal, solar, and wind sources 0 percent (2001 estimate)
Number of radios per 1,000 people 135 (2000 estimate)
Number of telephones per 1,000 people 18 (2001)
Number of televisions per 1,000 people 55 (2000 estimate)
Number of Internet hosts per 10,000 people 1.9 (2001)
Daily newspaper circulation per 1,000 people 16 (1996)
Number of motor vehicles per 1,000 people 33 (1997)
Paved road as a share of total roads 10 percent (1999)
Basic Facts and People sections
Area data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Population, population growth rate, and population projections are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International Data Base (IDB) (www.census.gov). Urban and rural population data are from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), FAOSTAT database (www.fao.org). Largest cities population data and political divisions data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Ethnic divisions and religion data are largely from the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook and from various country censuses and reports. Language data are largely from the Ethnologue, Languages of the World, Summer Institute of Linguistics International (www.sil.org).
Health and Education section
Life expectancy and infant mortality data are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International database (IDB) (www.census.gov). Population per physician and population per hospital bed data are from the World Health Organization (WHO) (www.who.int). Education data are from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org).
Government section
Government, independence, legislature, constitution, highest court, and voting qualifications data are largely from various government Web sites, the latest Europa World Yearbook, and the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook. The armed forces data is from Military Balance.
Economy section
Gross domestic product (GDP), GDP per capita, GDP by economic sectors, employment, and national budget data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org). Monetary unit, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, exports, imports, and major trade partner information is from the latest Europa World Yearbook and various International Monetary Fund (IMF) publications.
Energy, Communication, and Transportation section
Electricity information is from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) database (www.eia.doe.gov). Radio, telephone, television, and newspaper information is from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org). Internet hosts, motor vehicles, and road data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org).
Figures may not total 100 percent due to rounding.